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According to Dr Azmi Alias, Kuala Lumpur Hospital's consultant neurosurgeon, over 60% of the shaken baby syndrome (SBS) victims are male and almost 80% of the perpetrators also male.
He said one in four shaken babies dies, while some studies estimate 15% of children's deaths are caused by severe battering or shaking, and of the thousands that survive, it is not without serious injury. Most of the victims, Dr. Azmi said are a few days to a few months old, the average being six months old.
The normal reaction of most infants under six months of age to SBS, is by being irritable, lethargic, feeding poorly, seizures, apnoea and unresponsiveness. According to Dr. Azmi, the outcome of the child abuse is mortality, severe disability and severe mental and developmental delay.
Authorities have been called upon to identify and punish the perpetrators by Health experts and non-governmental organisations.
There has been a 60% increase in non-accidental injury related to child abuse, such as, battered child syndrome, neglect and serious head injuries, in the last five years, with five out of 10 cases involving parents.
Dr Azmi has his hands full whenever an infant is brought to his attention suffering from brain injuries due to Shaken Baby Syndrome. He says he has seen children brought to hospital for brain injuries due to falls, accidents involving motor vehicles, the TV, fan blades, swings, including non-accidental injuries like SBS and child abuse, of which SBS is considered as serious child abuse.
A parent or other caregiver may out of anger or frustration shake a baby, often because the baby will not stop crying.
However, since babies have weak neck muscles unable to fully support their proportionately large heads, severe shaking causes serious and sometimes fatal brain injuries, which in many case may prove fatal or lead to severe neurological deficits.
Death is usually caused by uncontrollable increased intracranial pressure from cerebral oedema, bleeding within the brain, or tears in the brain tissue.
However, even babies with injuries that appear to be mild may show developmental difficulties.
Taken from here.
Posted by miSteRi0us bLue VampiRe at 9:58 PM
Monday, March 8, 2010
1. who-which clause
3. because clause
4. strong verb
5. quality adjective
6. when, while, where, as, since, if, although clause
II. Sentence Openers
(Advanced: @ "ed")
Minimum Rule: Each one in every paragraph as possible, no more than two of the same in a row.
1. question 4. dramatic opening - closing
2. conversation 5. simile - metaphor
3. 3sss 6. alliteration
IV. Sentence Styles: Triple Extensions
1. word repetition
2. phrase & clausal repetition
3. repeating "ings" consecutive or spaced
4. repeating "lys" consecutive or spaced
5. repeating adjectives or nouns
6. repeating verbs consecutive or spaced